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Model UN

Model UN


The preamble of a draft resolution states the reasons for which the committee is addressing the topic and high- lights past international action on the issue. Each clause begins with a present participle (called a preambulatory phrase) and ends with a comma.

Preambulatory clauses can include:

  • References to the UN Charter;

  • Citations of past UN resolutions or treaties on the topic under discussion;

  • Citations of past UN resolutions or treaties on the topic under discussion;

  • Mentions of statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency;

  • Recognition of the efforts of regional or nongovernmental organizations in dealing with the issue; and General statements on the topic, its significance and its impact.

Affirming Desiring Having considered Noting with approval
Alarmed by Emphasizing Having considered Observing
Approving Expecting further Reaffirming
Aware of Expressing its Having devoted Realizing
Bearing in mind appreciation attention Recalling
Believing Expressing its Having examined Recognizing
Confident satisfaction Having heard Seeking
Contemplating Fulfilling Having received Taking into account
Convinced Fully alarmed Having studied Taking into account
Declaring Fully aware Keeping in mind Taking into
Deeply concerned Fully believing Noting with regret consideration
Deeply conscious Further deploring Noting with deep Taking note
Deeply convinced Further recalling concern Viewing with
Deeply disturbed Guided by Noting with satisfaction appreciation
Deeply regretting Having adopted Noting further Welcoming


Operative clauses identify the actions or recommendations made in a resolution. Each operative clause begins with a verb (called an operative phrase) and ends with a semicolon. Operative clauses should be organized in a logical progression, with each containing a single idea or proposal, and are always numbered. If a clause requires further explanation, bulleted lists set off by letters or roman numerals can also be used. After the last operative clause, the resolution ends in a period.

Accepts Deplores Emphasizes Notes
Affirms Designates Encourages Proclaims
Approves Draws the attention Endorses Reaffirms
Authorizes Emphasizes Expresses its Recommends
Calls Encourages appreciation Regrets
Calls upon Endorses Expresses its hope Reminds
Condemns Expresses its Further invites Requests
Confirms appreciation  Further proclaims Solemnly affirms
Congratulates Expresses its hope  Further reminds Strongly condemns
Considers Further invites  Further recommends Supports
Declares accordingly Deplores Further requests Takes note of
  Designates Further resolves Transmits
  Draws the attention Has resolved Trusts